Astronomy 111, Session 003

Review Topics on Exam 3


The exam takes place at 7:20 PM to 8:20 PM on Nov. 26, 2007

The exam consists of 40 multiple-choice questions, covering chapter 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14.


        Chap. 10 --- Our Barren Moon(Five sections,excluding 10-2, 10-4)

o       10-1: Synchronous rotation; Liberation; Dark maria; Light-colored highlands

o       10-3: Internal structure; No plate tectonics; Causes of Moonquakes

o       10-5: Formation of the Moon; Collision-ejection theory; Causes of Earthís slowing down


        Chap. 11 ---Mercury, Venus and Mars (Nine sections, excluding 10-9)

o       11-1: Morning star; Evening star; Elongation; Opposition

o       11-2: Rotation of Mercury: 3-2 spin-orbit coupling; Rotation of Venus: retrograde rotation

o       11-3: Mercuryís surface and interior;No plate tectonic; the Large core

o       11-4: Historic speculation about Venus and Mars

o       11-5: Venus: flare tectonics, young surface; Mars: crustal dichotomy, old surface, ancient geological activity;

o       11-6: Venusís thick atmosphere, high temperature, sulfuric acid clouds; strong green house effect; Marsís thin, cold atmosphere; weak green house effect; seasonal changes of polar ice caps.

o       11-7: Evolution of atmosphere; Outgassing; Runaway greenhouse effect; Runaway icehouse effect; Recycle of greenhouse gases

o       11-8: Water on Mars; Ancient liquid water; frozen water


        Chap. 12 --- Jupiter and Saturn (Eleven sections, excluding 12-5, 12-11)

o       12-1: Opposition. Cloud-top. Dark belts. Light Zones. Great Red Spot

o       12-2: Fast rotation; Differential rotation;Atmosphere composition; Saturnís helium deficiency

o       12-3: Storm systems; Circular winds; Great red spot

o       12-4: Internal energy source; Temperature gradient; Zonal winds; Cloud heights of dark belts and light zones;

o       12-6: Oblateness,rotation,core; Internal structure

o       12-7: Strong magnetic field;Liquid metallic hydrogen

o       12-8: Saturnís system of rings.

o       12-9: Ring particles; Roche limit

o       12-10: Ringís composition. Ringlets.


        Chap. 13 --- Satellites of Jupiter and Saturn (Ten sections, excluding 13-5)

o       13-1: Jupiterís Galilean satellites. Synchronousrotations; Rhythmic relationship

o       13-2: Galilean satellitesí size and density .

o       13-3: Origin of the Galilean satellites; Jovian nebula.

o       13-4: Io:active volcanoes; Internal heat;Tidal heating

o       13-6: Europe: smooth, icy surface; Geological activity; Underground ocean

o       13-7: Ganymede: Dark and bright terrain; Callistoí craters; Icy cruster; Liquid water;Interiors of the Galilean satellites

o       13-8: Titanís thick Atmosphere; Liquid methane

o       13-9: Jupiterís small moons; Retrograde orbit; Capture of asteroids

o       13-10: Saturnís small moons


        Chap. 14 --- Uranus, Neptune, Pluto and Kuiper Belt: Remote Worlds (Ten sections, excluding 14-5)

o       14-1:Chance discovery of Uranus; Calculated discovery of Neptune

o       14-2: Uranusís atmosphere. High concentration of Methane. Unusual rotation axis. Exaggerated seasonal change

o       14-3: Neptuneís atmosphere. Dynamic atmosphere. Great Dark Spot. Internal heat. Gravitational contracting.

o       14-4: Internal structure of Uranus and Neptune.

o       14-6: Uranus and Neptuneís rings; Occultation measurement

o       14-7: Uranusís satellites

o       14-8: Neptuneís satellite; Triton, tidal heating, capture

o       14-9: Pluto; Charon; Synchronized motions

o       14-10: Trans-Neptunian objects; Kuiper Belt