Astronomy 111, Session 003

Review Topics on Exam 3


The exam will take place at 7:20 PM to 8:30 PM on Dec. 04, 2006

The exam consists of 50 multiple-choice questions, covering chapter 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17.


Note 1: In each chapter, all sections are covered, except those explicitly excluded

Note 2: In each chapter, all boxes are excluded, except those explicitly included


·        Chap. 10 --- Our Barren Moon  (all 5 sections except 10-4)

o       10-1: Surface. Craters, Terrae, Maria

o       10-2: Manned exploration

o       10-3: Interior. No plate tectonics

o       10-5: Formation. Collision-ejection theory. Tidal force


·        Chap. 11 ---  Mercury (all 4 sections)

o       11-1: Observations. Elongation

o       11-2: Rotation. 3-2 spin-orbit coupling

o       11-3: Surface. No plate tectonics. No atmosphere

o       11-4: Interior. Large core


·        Chap. 12 --- Venus (all 6 sections)

o       12-1: Observations. Morning Star, Evening Star. Elongation.

o       12-2: Retrograde rotaion

o       12-3: Thick atmosphere. High temperature. Sulfuric acid clouds

o       12-4: Hot-spot volcanism. Clouds.

o       12-5: Climate evolution. Venus versus Earth. Recycle of greenhouse gases. Runaway greenhouse effect.

o       12-6: Surface and Interior


·        Chap. 13 --- Mars (all 8 sections, excluding 13-7 and 13-8)

o       13-1: Observations. Opposition.

o       13-2: Seasonal color changes. Canal illusion.

o       13-3: Surface. Craters. Volcanoes. Dichotomy

o       13-4: Water on Mars. Polar ice caps. Frozen water

o       13-5: Climate evolution. Atmosphere. Runaway icehouse effect. Frozen water. Locked carbon dioxcide

o       13-6: Mars exploration


·        Chap. 14 --- Jupiter and Saturn (all 12 sections, excluding 14-5, 14-8 and 14-12)

o       14-1: Observation. Opposition. Cloud-top. Dark belts. Light Zones. Great Red Spot

o       14-2: Differential rotation

o       14-3: Atmosphere. Composition. Saturn’s helium deficiency. Great Red Spot.

o       14-4: Internal energy source. Temperature gradient.

o       14-6: Oblateness. Core

o       14-7: Magnetic field. Liquid metallic hydrogen

o       14-9: Saturn’s rings. Rings and gaps.

o       14-10:  Ring’s composition. Ring particles. Roche Limit.

o       14-11: Ringlets. 


·        Chap. 15 --- Satellites of Jupiter and Saturn (all 10 sections, excluding 15-5)

o       15-1:  Jupiter’s Galilean satellites. Synchronous  rotations

o       15-2: Size. Mass. Comparative density and composition. .

o       15-3: Origin of the Galilean satellites. Jovian nebula.

o       15-4: Io. Valcanoes. Tidal heating

o       15-6: Europe. Geological activity. Tidal heating

o       15-7: Ganymede. Dark and bright terrain. Callisto’s heavy craters. Interiors of the Galilean satellites

o       15-8: Titan. Atmosphere.

o       15-9: Jupiter’s moons

o       15-10: Saturn’s moons


·        Chap. 16 --- Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (all 9 sections, excluding 16-5 and 16-6)

o       16-1:  Discovery

o       16-2: Uranus’s atmosphere. High concentration of Methane. Unusual rotation axis. Exaggerated seasonal change

o       16-3: Neptune’s atmosphere. Dynamic atmosphere. Great Dark Spot. Internal heat. Gravitational contracting.

o       16-4: Internal structure of Uranus and Neptune.

o       16-7: Uranus’s satellite. Miranda’s geological activity. Tidal heating

o       16-8: Neptune’s satellite. Triton. Tidal heating. Capture

o       16-9: Pluto. Charon. Kuiper Belt. (Pluto not a planet any more)


·        Chap. 17 --- asteroids and comets (all 9 sections)

o       17-1:  Discovery of asteroids. “Missing planet”

o       17-2: Asteroid belt. Formation. Gravitational effect of Jupiter. Planetesimals failing to form a planet

o       17-3: Asteroid’s shape and composition. “rubble pile”

o       17-4: Trojan asteroids. Lagrange points. NEO. Iridium layer. Dinosaurs extinction

o       17-5: Meteoroid, Meteor. Meteorite. Stony, stony iron, and iron meteorites.

o       17-6: Meteorite’s trace on solar system formation

o       17-7: Comet. Nucleus. Coma. Hydrogen envelope. Dust tail. Ion tail. Radiation pressure.

o       17-8: Comet origin. Kuiper Belt. Oort cloud

o       17-9: Meteoritic swarm. Meteor shower